Hazard Mitigation Plans may be integrated into community or comprehensive plans; they may also include a: Hazard Risk Assessment, Hazard Impact Assessment, Emergency Response Plan, Hazard Protection Plan, and/or Climate Change Preparedness Plan. FEMA requires baseline data of normal conditions to which changes resulting from disaster or hazardous events can be compared.
States and federally-recognized tribes can apply directly to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) as an applicant for assistance, but they must have a FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plan as a condition for receiving non-emergency Public Assistance (Categories C-G), Fire Management Assistance Grants, or Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) project grants through the HMA grant programs.
Tribes, cities or boroughs can apply through the State of Alaska as a sub-applicant; they must have a FEMA-approved tribal or local hazard mitigation plan as a condition for receiving HMA project grants through the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP), Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) program, and the Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) program. State, tribal, and local governments must update their hazard mitigation plans and re-submit them for FEMA approval every five years to maintain eligibility for grant assistance. Jurisdictions that do not have current FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plans can apply for a planning grant under the FEMA Hazard Mitigation Grant Program and the FEMA Pre-Disaster Mitigation Grant Program.
The State of Alaska updates a statewide Hazard Mitigation Plan every three years and provides Hazard Mitigation Planning guidance to tribes and local governments through the Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Management.
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