Species co-management can allow for more flexibility and input from residents into resource management regulations to address issues such as:
- Disagreement about the appropriateness of subsistence quotas for certain species (e.g., walrus);
- Disagreement about the appropriateness of fines for dumping at sea under extenuating circumstances (e.g., with less ice cover, hunters had go farther into the ocean to hunt; bad weather forced them to dump some meat or risk capsizing the boat and the death of the hunters. Yet agencies expect trawlers to lose plastic nets at sea.)
- Potential need to cross the international border in areas close to Russia or Canada;
- Existing regulations might not be keeping up with changes in the seasonality and migration patterns of subsistence resources. People used to be more selective about the animals they hunt; now animals are passing by before they can even get out hunting. Residents must hunt quickly whatever presents itself or miss out.
Examples of species co-management in Alaska: