Final Report Submitted by the Adaptation Advisory Group to the Alaska Climate Change Sub-Cabinet January 2010.
Ocean acidification, occurring as a result of increasing concentrations of CO2 in the atmosphere, is considered to be the greatest threat to living marine resources and those who rely on them. The world’s largest bodies of water are effective absorbers of both CO2 and excess heat associated with climate change (Sabine et al. 2004). While this has a mitigating effect on the changes to climate, absorption of CO2 is making the oceans more acidic posing grave danger to all marine life with calcifying shells. This includes marine plants and zooplankton, the basis of the food chain (Feely 2006).