Tool: Plans for Adaptation and Resilience

The numbers indicated in the graphic suggest an order for completing these related plans. The first set of plans provide a common understanding of the vision and priorities for an area, as well as the situations, trends or changes the plan recommendations address. The second plan adapts these priorities to predicted climate change impacts to the area. Subsequent plans and assessments support the recommendations and implementation actions of the previously completed plans. More information about these plans is summarized in the following table.

Plan What is it? Who does it? Why do it? Funding to do the plan?
Small Community Emergency Response Plan (SCERP) Quick reference for emergency response. City or tribe via Alaska Division of Homeland Security & Emergency Management. Get organized to respond to emergencies. No cost to communities to do the plan.
FEMA Hazard Mitigation Plan Plan for protecting people and property from future hazard events. City, borough or tribe Required as a condition for non-emergency FEMA funding for mitigation projects (e.g., retaining wall). FEMA will award funding to do the plan.
Community Comprehensive Plan Documentation of community priorities for land use, public services and facilities. Other plans can be adopted as elements of Comprehensive Plan. City, borough or tribe. Guidance for decision-making, regulations. Documentation for grant applications. Various sources.
Vulnerability Assessments Documentation of ecosystem elements, infrastructure or people most at risk of damage by a hazard. Various kinds, such as this ABSI LCC example; search by relevant subject or entity. City, borough, tribe, and state or federal agencies (with community input). Preparation for mitigation planning; can help access funding for additional plans or projects. Various sources.
State of Alaska Hazard Impact Assessment (HIA) Ongoing assessment; preparation for mitigation planning. Communities that meet one or more climate change criteria. Access to ACCIMP Community Planning Grant funds to carry out recommendations. State awards a $50,000 HIA grant to do the plan.
EPA Tribal Environmental Plan (ETEP) Documentation of Tribal environmental priorities; can include climate change component. Tribes participating in EPA Indian Environmental General Assistance Program (GAP). Mandatory for EPA GAP; helps access additional EPA funding for eligible activities. EPA provides funding to do the plan.
Climate Change Adaptation Plan Documentation of projected climate changes, impacts and adaptation activities for the jurisdiction. City, borough, tribe, and state or federal agencies. Get organized to respond proactively to climate change. EPA could require as part of GAP in future. BIA funds some tribal plans. EPA may provide GAP funding to do the plan.
Climate Change Health Impact Assessment Documentation of public health impacts of climate change; actions promote resilience and adaptation. The Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium (ANTHC) completed these for a number of communities. Get organized to respond proactively to climate change. LCCs and EPA may contribute funding to do assessment.
Land and Resource Management Plan Sets general policy for managing land/resources that is used to make regulations. Various kinds of Land and Resource Management Plans; search by relevant subject or entity. Resource managers (with community input). Provides guidance for decision-making, regulations. Various sources.
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