Landscape Conservation Design is a collaborative process used by National Wildlife Refuge Managers to ensure that management actions taken at the refuge-level actions contribute to a larger landscape-level vision held by neighboring communities and other land managers. This large-scale thinking can help managers work with communities and other stakeholders think about what they can do to create opportunities for conservation that can complement economically-smart decisions (e.g., ‘Where and when should resource development be permitted?’) as well as conservation for species habitat. Alaska’s Landscape Conservation Cooperatives are exploring possible ways to use this type of process in a couple of large parts of the state.