Species co-management can allow for more flexibility and input from residents into resource management regulations to address issues such as:
Disagreement about the appropriateness of subsistence quotas for certain species (e.g., walrus);
Disagreement about the appropriateness of fines for dumping at sea under extenuating circumstances (e.g., with less ice cover, hunters had go farther into the ocean to hunt; bad weather forced them to dump some meat or risk capsizing the boat and the death of the hunters. Yet agencies expect trawlers to lose plastic nets at sea.)
Potential need to cross the international border in areas close to Russia or Canada;
Existing regulations might not be keeping up with changes in the seasonality and migration patterns of subsistence resources. People used to be more selective about the animals they hunt; now animals are passing by before they can even get out hunting. Residents must hunt quickly whatever presents itself or miss out.